2021 United Nations Climate Change Conference

26th Conference of the Parties | Glasgow, UK | 31 October-12 November 2021

Multilevel success at COP26 – The outcomes

 

 

Agreed on by nearly 200 countries, the Glasgow Climate Pact – along with other COP26 outcomes – holds the actions needed to move the world into emergency mode.

 

From COP26 to COP27 in Egypt

The Glasgow Climate Pact left many with mixed feelings. While it moved forward on climate plans and showed promising commitment to multilevel action in the second phase of the Paris Agreement, it failed to encapsulate the “emergency mode” that the climate crisis necessitates.

This “emergency mode” action is what will be looked for as Parties of the the Convention commit to strengthen their 2030 targets before the end of 2022 and as they prepare for the 27th COP to be held next year in Egypt.

Watch the video below to hear Yunus Arikan, Head of Advocacy at ICLEI, reflect on the outcomes of COP26 and preview what is on the cards to COP27.

LGMA COP26 Roadmap – Implementing multilevel action in the age of climate emergency

The first cycle of nationally determined contributions (NDCs) for achieving the Paris Agreement’s climate goals did not go far enough towards attaining key goals such as climate neutrality, limiting global warming increases to 1.5°C or further multilevel action. During COP26, the LGMA pushed for reformulation and ambitious advancement of the NDCs by all nations, with collaboration across governance levels, from local to national.

The LGMA Constituency has always advocated strongly for this collaboration, bringing four outcome-oriented focus areas to COP26, the ‘Multilevel Action COP’, in its LGMA COP26 Roadmap  in November 2021.

Streamlined subnational advocacy: Four focus areas for action after Glasgow

Building on the recognition of importance of engagement of all levels of governments in the preamble of the Paris Agreement, the next phase of global climate efforts needs to have multilevel action at its core, focusing on bridging nationally determined contributions with local and regional climate action plans with campaigns like Race to Zero and Race to Resilience.. The LGMA hopes and expects to see more examples of multilevel collaboration in the national commitments and plans, like in the US, Dominican Republic, Japan, S.Korea, Rwanda, Chile, EU, UK and others. Post COVID-19 recovery plans will be another key area where the LGMA will be pushing to COP26 parties to align green recovery plans with NDCs.

As urban populations increase and continue to be the most significant emitters of GHG emissions and prone to extreme climate disasters, urbanization has to be top of the agenda for climate action and financing. Rules on how to operationalize both market and non-market mechanisms in Article 6 of COP25 negotiations are not hard and fast. This year, ambition needs to be raised and  schemes such as urban emissions trading schemes or have to be incentivized. Sustainable urbanization should be considered as one of the non-market mechanisms to support planning and redesign urban planning especially in the Global South where most of the new urbanization will boom. Capacity of subnational institutions should be strengthened so that divestment from fossil fuels, climate finance, development finance, national COVID-19 green recovery finance, and private finance effectively, directly, and rapidly contribute to the redesign of urban spaces and build sustainable, integrated urban and territorial development around the world.

Outcomes from COP26 have to foster just climate action. LGMA is canvassing for a holistic approach to be taken, which acknowledges the interrelations of issues like food, biodiversity, housing, mobility, sustainable consumption, circular economy, culture, intergenerational equity, skills,  informal settlements, migration, social justice and health with climate action and which seeks to regulate the feedback loops in a socially just and nature-friendly way.

The final focus area of the COP26 roadmap reiterates the precondition of LGMA engagement across UNFCCC processes to ensure that the outcomes from Glasgow are transposed to the regional and local level and can be successfully operationalized. In addition to enhanced and long term engagement at the Marrakech Partnership and the work of High Level Action Champions, the LGMA looks forward to seeing greater cooperation with UNFCCC bodies on finance, capacity building, public awareness and participation, loss and damage, adaptation, and others which set out the essential procedures and mechanisms to operationalize the Paris Agreement.

Videos

Deep dive into the LGMA journey towards COP26 with these additional videos and recordings from milestones events.

Webinar series towards COP26

Paris Agreement 5th anniversary

Briefing SB Chairs with observers

Presidency’s Open Dialogue

Roundtable on pre-2020

Webinar series towards COP26

Paris Agreement 5th anniversary

Briefing SB Chairs with observers

Presidency’s Open Dialogue

Roundtable on pre-2020

Cities and regions are honour bound to multilevel action under the Paris Agreement

The constituency of local and regional governments praise the vision for multilevel action under the Paris Agreement and reinstate their commitment for ambitious climate action.

Other video collections from the LGMA Constituency

LGMA COP26 Roadmap (Towards Multilevel Action COP) has been endorsed by: