Thematic negotiations

LGMA Position Towards COP28

The LGMA’s joint position towards COP28 calls on Parties of the UNFCCC to take ten key actions, including formalizing subnational voices in the UNFCCC COP agenda, applying vertical integration, and addressing the links between climate change and nature and biodiversity loss.

The document is in two parts: 1) top line messages designed for local, regional and subnational governments in the LGMA constituency, empowering them to advocate collectively in the lead-up to and during COP28; and 2) key messages in “UN language,” suitable for direct inclusion in the COP28 decision documents.

The LGMA Constituency represents the leadership of local, regional and subnational governments in accelerating and scaling up climate mitigation, adaptation, and justice. In this role, we bring the voice of cities and regions into UNFCCC negotiations, the COP Presidency program, and other international processes.

Highlights from the LGMA’s advocacy agenda are presented below, across our core thematic areas:


Local, regional and subnational governments are reducing greenhouse gas emissions often at a pace faster than their national governments. Parties to the UNFCCC should facilitate full and meaningful participation of cities and regions in the process of updating, raising ambition of, and implementing NDCs and long-term strategies.

Resilience and Adaptation

We acknowledge the role of local, regional and subnational governments within the Global Goal on Adaptation Framework, established at COP26 in Glasgow and intended for adoption by COP28 in Dubai. Parties should facilitate financial and technical support of locally-led and contextually-relevant adaptation strategy implementation, while local governments should integrate Urban Resilience Assessments and Action Plans into existing planning strategies.

Means of Implementation: Finance, Capacity Building, Innovation and Awareness

The Parties of the UNFCCC should establish and reform financial mechanisms to enhance the availability and access of climate finance opportunities for local and regional governments. Financial mechanisms may include urban finance programmes, financial institutions, and national fiscal and regulatory reform, along with the capacity-building cities need to access them.

Loss and Damage

We advocate for local and regional governments impacted by losses and damages resulting from climate impacts, particularly those in Least Developed Countries (LDCs) and Small Island Developing States (SIDS). These governments should have decision-making authority in the Loss and Damage Fund and financial support mechanisms to recover and rebuild to advance towards resilient livelihoods, infrastructure and nature.