by Yunus Arikan and Jisun Hwang, ICLEI – Local Governments for Sustainability
As the largest annual gathering of climate activists and negotiators begins in Bonn, here is a short glossary on the basics of COP23.
The Conference of Parties (COP) is the annual meeting of the national governments under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). It complements a year-round process, which comprises of numerous technical sessions moving negotiations forward and laying the groundwork for COP decisions.
As for previous climate talks, the Local Governments and Municipal Authorities (LGMA) Constituency is the key advocacy channel for local and regional governments at COP23.
The Action Agenda, bringing policy goals into concrete implementation by all partners, will be led by the Marrakech Partnership for Global Climate Action.
In 2018 nations will assess their progress on implementing the Paris Agreement, through a process called Facilitative Dialogue.
The Paris Agreement recognizes the importance of engagement with all levels of government. Therefore, for the Facilitative Dialogue to be effective, national governments need to work together with their local and other subnational governments to track performance and implement effective, coordinated climate action, with the aim to progressively raise ambitions at all levels.