COP info

Since the first Conference of the Parties (COP1) in 1995, the Local Governments and Municipal Authorities (LGMA) constituency has been recognized by and actively engaged with the United Nations Framework convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).

Through the LGMA constituency, local and regional governments share their views on various negotiation topics. They provide written or oral interventions, nominate representatives to technical workshops, participate at the UNFCCC negotiation meetings as observers, engage in the consultations of the Presidencies and convene special events at the official meetings.

Since the Paris Agreement was adopted at COP21, recognizing, for the first time, the critical role of local and regional governments in global climate action, ICLEI has been working to promote multilevel governance and coordinated climate action to keep global warming to 1.5-degrees Celsius.

Learn more about local and regional governments participation in climate negotiations.

What is the COP?

The Conference of Parties (COP), held for two weeks, is the annual meeting of the national governments as the highest level decision making body by Ministers to monitor and enhance progress on the implementation of the UNFCCC. The UNFCCC Secretariat, seated in Bonn, Germany, provides technical support to Parties on implementation.

Each year, one national government is elected by Parties as the President of the COP to provide political guidance in the work of the Secretariat and Parties. The six regional groups under the United Nations rotate in proposing the COP Presidency and the COP usually takes place at the country of the COP Presidency.

A COP President conducts informal consultations and meetings of heads of delegations all-year round, focusing on key negotiation issues. To ensure continuity, COP presidencies of two consecutive years work hand-in-hand. The role of COP President usually is assumed by either the Minister of Environment or Foreign Affairs, depending on the decision of the hosting Party, and it sometimes can be at the level of Heads of State. As of 2015, the COP President also appoints high level climate champions to bridge the negotiations process and the climate action by all stakeholders.

The LGMA Constituency is one of the three groups that have been engaging in the UNFCCC process since COP1 in 1995. Access our collection of COP resources and learn more about what the LGMA Constituency has accomplished over the years.

Get informed

Learn more about the Talanoa Dialogue and how cities and regions are contributing through multilevel climate discussions.

Talanoa is a traditional approach used in Fiji and the Pacific to engage in an inclusive, participatory and transparent dialogue (for more information, see decision 1/CP.23, annex II).

At COP21, a decision was made to convene a Facilitative Dialogue among Parties in 2018 to take stock of the collective efforts of Parties on the goals of the Paris Agreement, and to inform the preparation of Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs). Building on this mandate, it was decided to have this dialogue be known as the Talanoa Dialogue, launching it to start from January 2018 to culminate at COP24.

More information can be found in the following resources:

Talanoa Dialogues

UNFCCC landing pages on inputs to the Talanoa Dialogue

ICLEI – Local Governments for Sustainability

ICLEI submission on behalf of the Cities and Regions Talanoa Dialogues

Joint ICLEI-GIZ-UN Habitat

Global Covenant of Mayors for Climate & Energy

Global Alliance for Buildings and Construction


Association Climate Chance

Future Ocean Alliance

Partnership on Sustainable, Low Carbon Transport (SLoCaT) and Paris Process on Mobility and Climate (PPMC)

We Are Still In

US Climate Alliance

State of California

FMDV for CCFLA Secretariat

International Association of Public Transport (UITP)

Sustainable Energy Policy Division, Environment Department, Nagano Prefectural Government

The Climate Group/Under2 Coalition

ICLEI and partners are hosting a webinar series to share updates and ensure coordination among the Local Governments and Municipal Authorities Constituency (LGMA) members and partners on the organization of Cities and Regions Talanoa Dialogues.

These webinars will take place every third Wednesday of the month.

21 February 

First ICLEI webinar on Cities and Regions Talanoa Dialogues. See full powerpoint here.

21 March

Second ICLEI webinar on Cities and Regions Talanoa Dialogues. See full powerpoint here.

18 April

Third ICLEI webinar on Cities and Regions Talanoa Dialogues. See full powerpoint here.

16 May

Fourth ICLEI webinar on Cities and Regions Talanoa Dialogues. See full powerpoint here.


5 September

Fifth ICLEI webinar on Cities and Regions Talanoa Dialogues.  See full powerpoint here.

26 September

Sixth ICLEI webinar on Cities and Regions Talanoa Dialogues.  See full powerpoint here.

7 November

Get involved

In this section…

During COP 23, LMGA interventions were delivered by:

  • Mayor of Bonn Ashok-Alexander Sridharan
  • ICLEI Senior Climate Advocacy Officer Jisun Hwang
  • LGMA Constituency Focal Point Yunus Arikan


The links to UNFCCC webcasts and interventions can be found below.

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