by Jisun Hwang, ICLEI Senior Climate Advocacy Officer
APA agenda item 5: Modalities, procedures and guidelines (MPGs) for the transparency framework for action and support referred to in Article 13 of the Paris Agreement informal note by co-facilitators refers to multilevel governance: http://unfccc.int/files/meetings/bonn_nov_2017/in-session/application/pdf/apa_5_informal_note.pdf.
One of the core elements that constitutes the Paris Agreement Work Programme (PAWP), the enhanced transparency framework for action and support established under the Paris Agreement is intended for building mutual trust and confidence and to promote effective implementation, with built-in flexibility which takes into account Parties’ different capacities and builds upon collective experience.
The importance of pursuing multilevel governance is mentioned in two areas, one on adaptation and the other on capacity building, which follows the provisions of the Paris Agreement. The specific references made are as follows.
Adaptation – Art 7 of the PA
Ownership, stakeholder engagement, alignment of actions into national and subnational policies, replicability.
Capacity-building – Art 11 of the PA
Strengthening the links between regional, national and subnational government policies, plans and actions on climate change development and creation of capacity to analyse, develop and implement climate policy consistent with national development planning and reporting system.